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TOEFL IBT Speaking Practice #72

 Speaking #1

The question:

When looking for information for a research project, some students prefer to get 

their information mainly from the Internet. Others prefer to mainly use printed 

materials such as books and academic journals. Which do you prefer, and why? 

My Answer transcript:

Personally I would much prefer to find the materials from internet rather than find on books or printed tun.  it's because using the internet it can be efficient of my time I don't have to go to the library I don't have to go to any physical situation to find a printed books.  for example I've done some research in the past when I'm undergrad that really cost me a lot of money because I have to go to the library on the other city and actually the material is available on internet.  so I do believe internet can provide much information to do our research

ChatGPT Assessment, based on TOEFL iBT rubrics in scale out of 10 for each rubric (Delivery, Language Use, Topic Development), then give me better modified version of my answer (max 400 words):


Delivery: 7.5/10 - The response is mostly clear with some minor issues in grammar and sentence structure, but it is understandable overall. 

Language Use: 7/10 - The language is relatively straightforward but could use a bit more complex and varied vocabulary and sentence structure.

Topic Development: 8/10 - The response is well-focused and clearly answers the question. However, it could provide more specific examples or explore the benefits of using the Internet in a more detailed way.

Modified Answer:

Personally, I favor using the Internet over printed materials like books or journals for research purposes, primarily due to its efficiency and accessibility. The Internet, with its vast reservoir of information, can provide immediate and diverse sources with just a few keystrokes, obviating the need for physically going to a library.

For instance, during my undergraduate studies, I had to conduct a research project that required me to access specific academic resources. This necessitated a time-consuming and costly trip to a library in another city, only to discover that the same materials were readily available online. It was a valuable lesson about the benefits and practicality of digital resources.

In a broader sense, the Internet not only offers a more convenient access point but also encompasses a wider scope of information than traditional printed materials. Digital archives, academic databases, and scholarly articles can all be accessed from the comfort of home, thereby saving both time and travel expenses. 

However, it is important to remember that not all online sources are reliable or credible, and one should always scrutinize the origin of the information and cross-verify facts from multiple sources. Despite this, I firmly believe that the benefits of Internet research outweigh the potential drawbacks, making it my preferred choice for gathering information for a research project.


Speaking #2

Reading Passage:

New Stadium 

A university official announced plans to spend $2 million to build a new athletic 

stadium, commenting that a new stadium would help the university achieve its 

goal of attracting more top students. The official also said that, additionally, building a new stadium would allow the university to strengthen its relationship with 

the town since a new and larger stadium would have the space to seat not only 

students, parents, and alumni, but members of the local community as well. 

Listening Transcript:


Now listen to two students discussing the article.

[Male student]

So, what do you think of the university's new plan?

[Female student]

Oh, I don't know. I don't think it's gonna work.

[Male student]


[Female student]

I mean, I can't imagine top students being too thrilled about some of the conditions on this campus.

[Male student]

What do you mean?

[Female student]

Like, the science laboratories having such old, outdated equipment, and the library needing more books, and the student center being so small. I think that the two million could be spent in better places if the university is really serious about achieving its goal.

[Male student]

OK. But what about the other reason for building the stadium? I mean, right now, we have so little contact with the town...

[Female student]

Yeah, but this won't help relations. Look, people from town hardly ever come to games because our teams always lose, and they're not suddenly going to improve overnight. Besides, adding seats won't make a difference. I mean, if people from town didn't come before, they won't come now just because the place is bigger.


The woman expresses her opinion about the university's plan. State her opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.

The question:

The woman expresses her opinion about the university's plan. State her opinion and 

explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.

My Answer transcript:

The campus has a plan to build new stadium of  athletic and spend 2 million for it.  according to the reading passage the campus tried to attract top students to enroll on the campus however the female student does not agree because she think it not going to work because by building a big Stadium will not  attract top students.  she believed building new lab and new library and a large Student Center would attract top students and very wise to spend the 2 million.  Furthermore the student has an objective regarding relationship to the town, according to her it will not easy to attract people to come to the stadium because they never do, It will be impossible because the stadium bigger and people come over to the stadium right after.

ChatGPT Assessment, based on TOEFL iBT rubrics in scale out of 10 for each rubric (Delivery, Language Use, Topic Development), then give me better modified version of my answer (max 400 words):

Delivery: 7/10 - Your delivery is understandable and coherent. There's some confusion with grammar and sentence structure, which makes certain points harder to understand.

Language Use: 6.5/10 - There are grammar and syntax errors present in your response, which slightly impact the clarity. You have good vocabulary usage, but the sentence structure and verb tenses need to be improved.

Topic Development: 8/10 - You have well articulated the woman's viewpoint and reasons, but some key points could be better expressed and organized.

Modified Answer:

The university has announced a plan to build a new athletic stadium with an expenditure of 2 million dollars, in a bid to attract more top-tier students and to strengthen its relationship with the local community. However, the female student voiced her disagreement with this plan, believing that it won't be effective in achieving the desired outcomes. 

She argues that top students would not be enticed solely by a new stadium, but rather by more pertinent academic facilities such as modern science laboratories, an updated library, and an expanded student center. Therefore, she suggests that the 2 million dollars could be put to better use by investing in these areas, thereby directly addressing the needs of prospective top-tier students.

Furthermore, regarding the aspect of improving relationships with the town, the female student expresses skepticism. She points out that local residents rarely attend games due to the university's teams' consistent poor performance. She posits that merely enlarging the stadium won't suddenly attract townspeople to games, as they have not been showing up in the past. Therefore, she considers the stadium expansion an ineffective strategy for fostering a stronger bond with the local community.


Speaking #3

Reading Passage:

Perceptual Constancy 

How an object affects our senses depends in part on external conditions, and 

these conditions are always changing. An object viewed from one angle presents 

a different shape to our eye than when viewed from another angle; similarly, as the 

distance from which we view an object changes, the object will appear larger or 

smaller. In spite of this, even as conditions change and we see objects differently, 

we still recognize that they remain the same. This is what is known as perceptual 

constancy. If not for perceptual constancy, we might have difficulty recognizing 

familiar objects if we viewed them in a new and different context.

Listening Transcript:


Now listen to part of a lecture on this topic in a psychology class.


Let's take an everyday example, an ordinary round plate like you'd find in a kitchen. If you hold the plate directly in front of your face and look at it, what shape do you see? A perfect circle, right? Suppose you tilt the plate to a different angle, to a horizontal position—like you're planning to put food on it. Still a perfect circle? No. The circle is now stretched out, flattened into an oval. Do you conclude the plate has actually changed shape? Or—that it's

 a different object, not the same plate? Of course not. It looks different, but we perceive it as still being the same.

Here's a different example. This classroom we're in... it's fairly large, right? Now, from up close, from the front row, I appear to be relatively big—bigger than if you were in the last row, right? But let's say you're sitting in the front row today, but tomorrow you're sitting in the back row. From back there, I'm going to look smaller, but you don't think I've actually gotten smaller. You don't think you're seeing a different professor, a guy who looks like me except he's smaller. No matter where you are—up close or far away, you understand, without even thinking about it, that I'm the same size, the same person.

The question: Explain what is meant by perceptual constancy, using the examples provided by the professor.

Perceptual consensus is how we look differently on the same object.  according to the professor he gives to examples about this the.  the first one about the round plant if we looked around blood in front of our face it will be perfectly Circle, however if we tilt into the horizontal angle we will look the plate into flatten or like an oval so we look differently to the plate but actually it is the same object before we built or after.  furthermore the professor will give another example about the classroom Heat and the lecture if 1  person on the big on the front of him we'll see him really big but another person on the back will see him. Small  it It doesn't mean the professor is different person but perception  constancy

My Answer transcript:

ChatGPT Assessment, based on TOEFL iBT rubrics in scale out of 10 for each rubric (Delivery, Language Use, Topic Development), then give me better modified version of my answer (max 400 words):

Delivery: 7/10 - Your delivery is understandable but it could be more fluid and confident. There's some sentence construction issues that make it a bit confusing.

Language Use: 6/10 - There are grammar and syntax errors present in your response, which impact the clarity. Some sentences are fragmented and the verb tenses are not consistent. 

Topic Development: 7/10 - The examples from the lecture are mentioned but not thoroughly explained. There's room to give more details about the examples to better illustrate the concept of perceptual constancy.

Modified Answer:

Perceptual constancy refers to our ability to perceive an object as being the same, even when our viewpoint or conditions change, thereby altering the object's appearance to our senses. This concept was elucidated by the professor through two distinct examples. 

In the first example, the professor uses a round plate. When you hold it directly in front of your face, it appears as a perfect circle. However, if you tilt the plate to a horizontal position, the circle appears to be elongated into an oval shape. Despite the difference in visual perception, our understanding remains constant: it's the same plate and its actual shape hasn't changed. 

The professor's second example pertains to our perception of him from different positions within the classroom. From the front row, he appears bigger compared to the view from the last row, where he appears smaller. Despite these changes in visual perception depending on the viewer's position, we understand that the professor himself has not physically changed size or turned into a different person. Instead, we recognize the constancy of his identity and size, regardless of our shifting perspectives. 

Both of these examples help us understand perceptual constancy, which is the ability to maintain a consistent perception of objects despite changes in how they appear to our senses.


Speaking #4

Listening Transcript:


Now listen to part of a lecture in a biology class.


Now, many sea animals, in order to hide from predators, have over time, developed different kinds of camouflage to help them blend in with their environment and avoid detection by predators.

Picture the surface of the seafloor—it's as varied as the land we live on. It's got peaks and valleys, vegetation, rocky areas. And some sea animals have developed permanent colors or shapes to resemble these environmental features. This camouflage helps disguise them from predators by enabling them to blend into a specific part of the sea.

For instance, take a kind of fish like the leafy sea dragon. Well, the name says it all: it resembles a small green dragon, with leaf-like protrusions sticking out like arms. Now, because of its color and shape, it blends in extremely well with green sea plants. So when the leafy sea dragon is swimming through these plants, predators have trouble seeing it. But when it enters other environments, without these green plants, its camouflage doesn't work anymore.

Now, other sea animals are difficult to spot anywhere in  the sea because their type of camouflage enables them to change color. Take the cuttlefish, a fish that's closely related to the squid and octopus. Unlike leafy sea dragons, cuttlefish have not developed any particular shape to hide from predators, but they have a lot more mobility because their camouflage allows them to blend into any environment. Because cuttlefish have shifting pigments that allow them to change color in a matter of seconds. And so they can almost instantaneously match the color of their surroundings. If they're swimming by green sea plants, they'll turn green, and if they're swimming over the brown seafloor, they'll turn brown.


Using the examples of the leafy sea dragon and the cuttlefish, describe two kinds of camouflage and the benefits they provide.

The question:

Using the examples of the leafy sea dragon and the cuttlefish, describe two kinds of 

camouflage and the benefits they provide. 

My Answer transcript:

The professor talk about sea animals how they camouflage in order to pretend themselves from the predators.  The professor talk about the leafy dragon fish that has leaf like a green on its body and if it move around the plan the predator would not easy to see this fish and unfortunately if it moved to another place It become easy to seen by predator so it will become easy prey. Second example is about cuttlefish this fish not have a shape to camouflage but it's this fish has the pigment color that can changing depend on the surrounding area so it will become green if it swim on the plant and it become a brown if it swim among sea floor

ChatGPT Assessment, based on TOEFL iBT rubrics in scale out of 10 for each rubric (Delivery, Language Use, Topic Development), then give me better modified version of my answer (max 400 words):

Delivery: 7.5

Your response was clear overall, but there were a few instances of grammatical errors and awkward phrasing which made it a bit difficult to understand your points. It was clear you understood the lecture, but you need to work on presenting your points more fluidly.

Language Use: 7.0

You managed to use a range of vocabulary accurately, though some of the sentences were grammatically incorrect or unclear, like "the predator would not easy to see this fish". You should focus on using more complex sentence structures and clearer grammar to increase the clarity of your points.

Topic Development: 8.0

You did a good job summarizing the main points from the lecture. The examples of the leafy sea dragon and the cuttlefish were both discussed, and their methods of camouflage were explained. However, the connections between the camouflage and their survival benefits could have been explained in more depth.

Modified version of your answer:

In the lecture, the professor discusses two distinct kinds of camouflage used by sea creatures as protective measures against predators. The first example given is the leafy sea dragon. Its body is characterized by leaf-like protrusions, which, along with its green color, allow it to seamlessly blend in with sea plants. This form of camouflage provides the sea dragon with a high degree of protection, as it becomes almost invisible to predators when amidst the green foliage. However, its camouflage mechanism is also its weakness - when the sea dragon ventures into an environment devoid of green plants, its conspicuous appearance makes it an easy target for predators.

On the other hand, the cuttlefish employs a different form of camouflage. While it does not have a specific shape to blend with its surroundings, it possesses the remarkable ability to alter its body color in response to its immediate environment. This adaptive coloration is facilitated by shifting pigments in the cuttlefish's skin, which enable it to change color rapidly and effectively blend with its surroundings, be it amongst green sea plants or over the brown seafloor. Unlike the sea dragon, the cuttlefish's camouflage is more versatile, affording it a significant survival advantage in diverse environments.

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